Women in top management positions: the case of the Mexican Federal Telecommunications Institute
We rarely question whether the current composition in which there is a predominance of men in top management positions generates benefits for organizations and for society. However, when it comes to women we seek to justify the benefits of their presence. Considering this, we can say that only for social justice is the inclusion of more women relevant. However, to this fact we can add benefits of including them in those positions. The low representation of women in these positions is largely due to the absence of equal labor conditions between women and men, the functioning of traditional gender roles and stereotypes, and human capital management policies without a gender perspective. The research studies from collaborators’ perception of Mexican public institution, which are the factors that influence more to get more women in top management positions. The results indicate that women consider as a fundamental factor for their promotion having adequate working conditions that allow them to develop their capacities through co-responsibility of tasks in front of men. In other words, guarantee conditions of true equality between women and men.